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247  Former Title (R)

       

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Required if applicable
1st Indicator  Title added entry
No added entry
1 Added entry
2nd Indicator  Note controller
Display note
1 Do not display note
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards 
‡a Title (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
‡b Remainder of title (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡f Designation of volume and issue numbers and/or date of work (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡g Miscellaneous information (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡h Medium (NR) Do not use/Do not use
‡n Number of part/section of a work (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡p Name of part/section of a work (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡x International Standard Serial Number (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable




Definition

A former title proper when one cataloging record represents all former titles proper of a continuing resource (serial or integrating resource).

  • Under pre-AACR2 rules, catalog a serial under the latest title, with former titles noted in the same record in a title varies note.
  • Under AACR2, catalog an integrating resource under the latest title, with former titles noted in field 247 in the same record. Former titles proper are sometimes also recorded in field 547. Field 547 is most often used when multiple former titles are described in a single note.
  • Under AACR2, create separate bibliographic records when a major change in a serial title has occurred. When separate records are made for change of title, use the linking entry fields 780 and 785 to show the preceding and succeeding entries.
Existing bibliographic records 

Since 1981, all current cataloging for serials affected by major changes in title or main entry must be successive entry cataloging. Use the following guidelines to determine cataloging practice for existing records (printed and machine-readable):

  • If you find only a latest entry record, you may use that record or enter a separate successive entry record for each title held by your institution. Treat these successive entry records as current original cataloging.
  • If you find successive entry records for some but not all of the titles that your institution holds, enter separate successive entry records for the titles not already represented.
  • If you have printed, latest entry records, and you find successive entry records for all of the titles represented, do not input the latest entry record. Use the successive records for your institution's holdings.
  • If you are transcribing printed cataloging copy that has latest entry records, create a separate successive entry record for each title held by your institution. Treat the records as current original cataloging.

In some cases, LC used field 247 for successive entry cataloging. LC used field 247 for a minor title variation that ceased by the time of cataloging. For example, LC used field 247 if the title on one piece consisted of a generic term not grammatically linked to the name of the issuing body; and on another piece, the same generic term was grammatically linked to the name of the issuing body. Some records may still contain such cataloging.

1st Indicator

Title added entry. A value that specifies whether a title added entry is made.
 
No added entry. No title entry is made.
247 Statistical bulletin of the American Tariff League ‡f Nov. 1928-Feb. 1931
710 2 2 American Tariff League. ‡t Statistical bulletin of the American Tariff League.
 
1 Added entry. A title added entry is made.

2nd Indicator

Note controller. A value that specifies whether or not a note is made from data in this field. Whenever an intelligible note cannot be made from data in this field, a textual note is recorded in field 547 and this indicator is set to value 1.
 
Display note. A note is displayed.
 
1 Do not display note. A note is not displayed.

Subfields

Arrange data so that dates or volume designations follow the title. Do not enter identifying phrases (e.g., Title varies). Do not enter a period at the end of the field unless the field ends with an abbreviation. Enter each former title or title variation in a separate 247 field.

‡a Title   The title proper and alternative title, excluding the designation of the number or name of the part. The title proper should be long enough to identify the item and should be comprehensible. Enter alternative titles in subfield ‡a . Do not repeat subfield ‡a . Use subfield ‡b for parallel titles.
247 1 Medical world news annual review of medicine
‡b Remainder of title   Other title information (e.g., subtitles, parallel titles, etc.). Do not repeat subfield ‡b . Enter multiple subtitles and/or parallel titles in the same subfield ‡b . If the other title information has a part or section number or name, enter the number or name in subfield ‡b , not in subfield ‡n or ‡p .
‡f Designation of volume and issue numbers and/or date of work   The dates or volume and issue numbers that relate the former variant title to the record. Do not enter punctuation at the end of subfield ‡f except, where appropriate, a hyphen or an angle bracket.
247 1 British Columbia financial times ‡f 1914-June 1951
247 1 British Columbia economic times ‡f July 1951-1952
247 1 Medical world news annual review of medicine ‡f 1963-
247 Chemical age yearbook ‡g (varies slightly) ‡f 1957-

Use the following guidelines for entering incomplete date or volume designations in subfield ‡f .

  • Enter incomplete data in angle brackets < >. Angle brackets and the data within them print on cards.

‡g Miscellaneous information   Data not identified in other subfields.
247 Chemical age yearbook ‡g (varies slightly)
‡h Medium   Do not use.
‡n Number of part/section of a work   A number designation for a part/section of a work. Numbering is defined as an indication of sequencing in any form, e.g., Part 1, Supplement A, Book two. In music titles, the serial opus, or thematic index number are generally not contained in subfield ‡n .
‡p Name of part/section of a work   A part or section name that qualifies the title proper (subfield ‡a ).
247 1 1 Annual report of scientific research grants, Ministry of Education, ‡p Sciences.
‡x International Standard Serial Number   The International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) for the serial title.

Printing

Field 247 prints as a note and/or added entry and tracing. You control printing using the indicators. Subfields ‡x and ‡g do not print.
 

If the 1st indicator value is 1, field 247 prints as an added entry and tracing. The title proper (subfields ‡a , ‡n , ‡p ) prints as the added entry.

In the tracing paragraph, the print program supplies the text Title: and the appropriate Roman numeral.

If you want the former title to print as an author/title added entry (instead of a title added entry), use 1st indicator value and enter the author/title added entry in field 700, field 710 or field 711.

247 Statistical bulletin of the American Tariff League ‡f Nov. 1928-Feb. 1931
710 2 2 American Tariff League. ‡t Statistical bulletin of the American Tariff League.

If the 2nd indicator value is 0, field 247 prints as a note. The print program supplies the text Title varies: at the beginning of the note. The print program supplies a period at the end of the note unless the final character is a hyphen. The print program supplies a comma and a space before the date or volume information (subfield ‡f ). Data enclosed in angle brackets print on cards.

247 1 Medical world news annual review of medicine ‡f 1963-
Prints as: 
Title varies: Medical world news annual review of medicine, 1963-
 
247 1 Directorio universal de tabacos ‡f <1951/52-1961/62>
Prints as: 
Title varies: Directorio universal de tabacos, <1951/52-1961/62>
Unintelligible notes 

If you cannot create an intelligible note from field 247, use 2nd indicator value 1 and enter the note in field 547. For example, use field 547 for a title varies note if the note has titles in more than one language or describes a title variation for a parallel title.

247 1 Rapport annuel ‡f 1967
247 1 Annual report ‡f 1967
547     Title varies: 1967, rapport annuel. Annual report.

Use field 547 for an "Edition varies" note.

245 Printing trades blue book.
247 1 1 Printing trades blue book. ‡p New York edition ‡f 1916
250     Metropolitan ed. Greater New York and New Jersey.
547     Edition varies: 1916, New York edition.
Multiple 247 fields 

Multiple 247 fields, which print as notes, print in one paragraph, in order of appearance in the record. The print program supplies a display constant at the beginning of the note and a dash between each title.

247 1 British Columbia financial times ‡f 1914-June 1951
247 1 British Columbia economic times ‡f July 1951-1952
Prints as: 
Title varies: British Columbia financial times, 1914-June 1951--British Columbia economic times, July 1951-1952.

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