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651  Subject Added Entry–Geographic Name (R)

       

Input Standards

Required if applicable/Optional
1st Indicator  Undefined
blank character  Undefined
2nd Indicator  Thesaurus
Library of Congress subject heading
1 LC subject heading for children's literature
2 Medical subject heading
3 National Agricultural Library subject authority file
4 Source not specified
5 Canadian subject heading
6 Répertoire de vedettes-matière
7 Source is specified in subfield ‡2
8 Sears subject heading
Subfields (R=Repeatable  NR=Nonrepeatable) Input Standards 
‡a Geographic name (NR) Mandatory/Mandatory
‡e Relator term (R) Optional/Optional
‡v Form subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡x General subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡y Chronological subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡z Geographical subdivision (R) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡0 Authority record control number (R) Optional/Optional
‡2 Source of heading or term (NR) Required if applicable/Required if applicable
‡3 Materials specified (NR) Optional/Optional
‡4 Relator code (R) Optional/Optional




Definition

A geographic name used as a subject added entry. Subject added entries are assigned to a bibliographic record to provide access according to established subject cataloging principles and guidelines. Any institution assigning subject headings based on the lists and authority files identified in the 2nd indicator position or in subfield ‡2 may use field 651. Use for the following types of geographic names:
  • Archaeological sites
  • Geographic regions and celestial bodies (e.g., continents, land masses, planets or stars)
  • Natural features (e.g., bays, capes, deserts or mountains)
  • Parks and other geographic entities not capable of authorship
  • Political jurisdictions alone or subdivided by subject terms
 

Use field 651 also for a jurisdiction name alone or followed by a subject subdivision. Use field 610 (Subject Added Entry–Corporate Name) for a name of a jurisdiction that represents an ecclesiastical entity. Use field 610 also for a city section name, a corporate name, an ecclesiastical entity, a form subheading and/or a title of a work entered under the name of a jurisdiction. Use field 650 (Subject Added Entry–Topical Term) for a geographic name included in a phrase subject heading (e.g., Iran in the Koran).

Use field 691 (Local Subject Added Entry–Geographic Name) if the geographic name is locally devised (i.e., not based on LC, AC, NLM, NAL, NLC or Sears).

1st Indicator

Undefined. The 1st indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character ).
 
blank character Undefined 

2nd Indicator

Thesaurus. The thesaurus or subject heading system used in constructing the subject heading.
 
Library of Congress subject heading. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). This includes:
  • Geographic headings (or geographic headings and subdivisions) found in the LC authority files (including name authorities for non-natural features) or in the latest edition of LCSH, including the latest supplements
  • Geographic headings for non-natural features constructed following AACR2
  • Geographic headings found in the LC authority files, in the latest edition of LCSH or constructed following AACR2 (for non-natural features only) to which is added a free-floating or regular subdivision according to the rules stated in the Subject Headings Manual (formerly called Subject Cataloging Manual: Subject Headings), particularly subdivisions listed in the pattern lists and geographic subdivisions
  • Geographic headings constructed with free-floating phrases according to the rules in LCSH (e.g., ...Metropolitan area, ...Region or ...Suburban area)

Use of value requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in LCSH.

 
1 LC subject heading for children's literature. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the "AC Subject Headings" section of Library of Congress Subject Headings. Use of value 1 requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in the LC Annotated Card Program.
 
2 Medical subject heading. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) authority files. Use of value 2 requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in the NLM authority files.
 
3 National Agricultural Library subject authority file. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the National Agricultural Library (NAL) subject authority file. Use of value 3 requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in the NAL authority files.
 
4 Source not specified. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to a controlled list, but the source cannot be specified by one of the thesaurus or subject heading systems covered by the other 2nd indicator values or by a code for a specific subject heading list in subfield ‡2. Use field 653 (Index Term–Uncontrolled) to record terms that are not derived from controlled subject heading lists.
 
5 Canadian subject heading. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the Canadian Subject Headings. Use of value 5 requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in Canadian Subject Headings.
 
6 Répertoire de vedettes-matière. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the Répertoire de vedettes-matière maintained by the Bibliothèque de l'Université de Laval. Use of value 6 requires that the added entry is appropriate for use in Répertoire de vedettes-matière.
 
7 Source is specified in subfield ‡2 . Subject headings or terms based on other subject authorities (i.e., on authorities other than those listed here). Identify the source in subfield ‡2.
651   7 Iron Range, Minnesota ‡v Fiction. ‡2 henn
 
8 Sears subject heading. OCLC-defined value. The formulation of the subject added entry conforms to the Sears List of Subject Headings.

Subfields

 
‡a Geographic name   A geographic name. Enter parenthetical qualifying information also in subfield ‡a.
651    Pompeii (Extinct city)
‡e Relator term   Contains the term that indicates the relationship of the geographic name to the described materials. See the MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Descriptive Conventions ( http://www.loc.gov/marc/relators/relahome.html).
651 0     Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.), ‡e depicted.
‡v Form subdivision   A specific kind or genre of material defined by the thesaurus being used. Use only when a form subject subdivision is added to a geographic name. Use subfield ‡v also for form terms when they function as indicated above. Use subfield ‡x if the terms function as general subdivisions. A form subdivision in subfield ‡v is generally the last subfield in the field. Repeat subfield ‡v if you use more than one form subdivision.
651    Salem (Mass.) ‡v Fiction.
‡x General subdivision   A subject subdivision that is not more appropriately contained in subfield ‡v, ‡y or ‡z. Use subfield ‡x only when a general topical subdivision is added to a geographic name.
651    Aix-en-Provence (France) ‡x Social life and customs ‡v Early works to 1800.
‡y Chronological subdivision   A subject subdivision that represents a period of time. Use only when a chronological subject subdivision is added to a geographic name.
651    Greece ‡x History ‡y Geometric period, ca. 900-700 B.C.
‡z Geographical subdivision   A geographic subject subdivision. Use only when a geographic subject subdivision is added to a main term.
651    Japan ‡x Foreign relations ‡z Korea (South)
‡0 Authority record control number   Subfield ‡0 (zero) contains the system control number of the related authority record or a standard identifier such as an International Standard Name Identifier (ISNI). The control number or identifier is preceded by the appropriate MARC Organization code (for a related authority record) or the Standard Identifier source code (for a standard identifier scheme), enclosed in parentheses. See MARC Code List for Organizations ( http://www.loc.gov/marc/organizations/orgshome.html) for a listing of organization codes and Standard Identifier Source Codes ( http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/standard-identifier.html) for code systems for standard identifiers. Subfield ‡0 is repeatable for different control numbers or identifiers.

Do not input subfield ‡0 in master records, instead use the control headings function. Local authority identifiers may be entered in subfield ‡0 locally, but should not be added to master records in WorldCat.

‡2 Source of heading or term   A MARC code that identifies the source list from which the heading in a subject added entry was assigned. Use only when the 2nd indicator value is 7. See Subject Heading and Term Source Codes ( http://www.loc.gov/standards/sourcelist/subject.html).
651    7 New York (N.Y.) ‡2 ericd
‡3 Materials specified   The part of the described materials to which the field applies.
651    8 ‡3 Church minutes. ‡a Chicago (Ill.) ‡x Moral conditions.
‡4 Relator code   Contains the MARC code that indicates the relationship of the geographic name to the described materials. See MARC Code Lists for Relators ( http://www.loc.gov/marc/relators/).
651    Niagara Falls (N.Y. and Ont.) ‡4 dpc

Printing

Field 651 prints as a heading and tracing. Subfields ‡2 and ‡3 do not print. In the tracing paragraph, the print program supplies consecutive Arabic numbering. The print program supplies a period after the last printing subfield unless final punctuation (. ! ?) is present. See " 6xx Introduction" for more information.

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