Technical Bulletin 247
OCLC-MARC Format Update 2002

ISSN: 1097-9654

November 2002

About Technical Bulletin 247

Why read this?

To learn about changes to OCLC-MARC records based on:

  • MARC 21 Format for Bibliographic Data Update 2 (October 2001)
  • MARC 21 Bibliographic and Authority New Data Elements Technical Notice (June 2002)
  • MARC Code List Technical Notices and Updates

Record processing information

Sections 1, 2 and 3 describe changes that may affect local system processing of OCLC-MARC records.

Route to

Cataloging and local system or automation staff.

Online Installation

December 1, 2002

OCLC will announce installation via a logon Message-of-the-Day or System News.

OCLC micro products

OCLC Cataloging Micro Enhancer® for Windows software, OCLC CJK ™ software and OCLC Arabic Cataloging software: Changes will be implemented in new validation tables downloaded to users when the online changes are installed.

OCLC System Help

OCLC System Help will incorporate these changes to coincide with the system implementation.

Documentation affected

Conventions

Throughout the technical bulletin, R = Repeatable and NR = Nonrepeatable.

1 Coding Practice for Integrating Resources

AACR2 chapter 12 revisions

On December 1, 2002, OCLC will begin implementation of the changes in MARC 21 needed to support the revised rules in Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules (AACR2, 2nd ed., 2002 revision, chapter 12). Chapter 12 encompasses all continuing resources. Rules for integrating resources both in print (loose-leafs) and electronic format (updating databases and web sites) have also been added to this chapter. These rules were added to accommodate the seriality aspects of both serials and integrating resources.

Definitions

The following definitions are from the Glossary of AACR2, 2nd ed., 2002 revision:

Continuing resource. A bibliographic resource that is issued over time with no predetermined conclusion. Continuing resources include serials and ongoing integrating resources.

Integrating resource. A bibliographic resource that is added to or changed by means of updates that do not remain discrete and are integrated into the whole. Integrating resources can be finite or continuing. Integrating resources include updating loose-leafs and updating web sites.

Serial. A continuing resource issued in a succession of discrete parts, usually bearing numbering, that has no predetermined conclusion. Serials include annual reports, continuing directories, electronic journals, journals, magazines, monographic series and newspapers.

Updating loose-leaf. An integrating resource that consists of one or more base volumes updated by separate pages that are inserted, removed and/or substituted.

Coding integrating resources

The changes at OCLC will occur in two phases:

  • In Phase 1, OCLC will implement the changes announced in this technical bulletin.



    Summary of Phase 1 Changes
    Freq Code k (Continuously updated) defined
    S/L S/L renamed Entry Convention

    Code 2 (Integrated entry) defined
    SrTp SrTp renamed Type of Continuing Resource

    Codes d (Updating database), l (Updating loose-leaf) and w (Updating web site) defined
    022 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    222 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    247 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    310 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    321 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    362 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    539 Subfield ‡e code k (Continuously updated) defined
    547 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    550 Field redefined to include integrating resources
    580 Field redefined to include integrating resources


  • In Phase 2, OCLC will define code i in the fixed-field element Bibliographic Level ( BLvl ) to indicate that a work is an integrating resource. Phase 2 will be implemented no earlier than July 2003, as previously announced by the Library of Congress, the Research Libraries Group and OCLC.

    For textual integrating resources, code i will be used in connection with the serials format fixed field. This contrasts with the current practice of using the books format fixed field.

Interim period between December 2002 and the implementation of BLvl code i



Between December 2002 and the future implementation of BLvl code i, follow these guidelines:

  • Continue to use BLvl code m (Monograph) when coding a record for an integrating resource. Do not use code s (Serial) for an integrating resource.
  • Add a serial 006 field to records you input or replace for integrating resources. OCLC will likely use data included in the serial 006 field to formulate fixed-field elements in a future conversion of integrating resource records from BLvl code m to code i following implementation of Phase 2.
  • In field 006, use code k in Frequency ( Freq ), when appropriate, to indicate that an integrating resource is continuously updated.
  • Use codes d, l and w in Type of Continuing Resource ( SrTp , formerly Type of Serial), when appropriate, to indicate that an integrating resource is an updating database, updating loose-leaf or updating Website.
  • Use code 2 in Entry Convention ( S/L , formerly Successive/Latest Entry) to indicate that the record was formulated using the revised rules for integrated entry.

OCLC will change online data validation rules on a number of other existing fields that are used almost exclusively in serials cataloging. The change will permit these fields to be used in records for integrating resources during the interim period. These include fields 022, 222, 247, 310, 321, 362 and 547.

2 Bibliographic Record Changes

Audn  Music Target Audience (SCO, REC 008/22; 006/05)



Code renamed blank character Unknown or unspecified

Formerly, Unknown or not specified

The target audience for the item is unknown or not specified.


Desc  Descriptive Cataloging Form (All Formats Leader/18)



Code defined u Unknown

Use code u for Dublin Core originated records. Defined only for Encoding Level ( ELvl) codes 3, 5 and M.


Form  Form of Item (REC 008/23; 006/06)



Input standards redefined for REC   REC: Required if applicable. One-character code. Default: blank character

Formerly, REC: System Supplied. One-character code. Default: blank character



Code defined for REC s Electronic

Item is intended for manipulation by a computer.


Freq  Frequency (SER 008/18; 006/01)



Code defined k Continuously updated

The item is updated more frequently than daily.


S/L  Entry Convention (SER 008/34; 006/17)



Fixed-field element renamed   Entry Convention

Formerly, Successive/Latest Entry

Mnemonic stays as S/L



Code defined 2 Integrated entry

A record is cataloged under its latest title or issuing body. Create a new record only for a major change in edition, a new work or a title merger or split. Use for continuing resources and integrating resources that do not retain their earlier titles.


SrTp  Type of Continuing Resource (SER 008/21; 006/04)



Fixed-field element renamed   Type of Continuing Resource

Formerly, Type of Serial

Mnemonic stays as SrTp



Codes defined d Updating database

A collection of logically interrelated data stored together in one or more computerized files, usually created and managed by a database management system.
l Updating loose-leaf

A bibliographic resource that consists of a base volume(s) updated by separate pages which are inserted, removed and/or substituted.
w Updating web site

A web site that is updated, but does not fit into one of the other codes, such as database, newspaper or periodical.


Type  Type of Record (All Formats Leader/06)



Code invalidated b Archival and manuscripts control

Do not use. OCLC has converted records with Type code b to Type code p (Mixed materials) or other formats as appropriate. You may find records with Type code b in local systems in records created prior to this change.





007  Physical Description Fixed Field (Tactile Material) (R)



Subfield instructions added ‡d Class of braille writing (007/03–04) (NR) Optional
  The family of Braille to which the item belongs. Use also to indicate the class of Braille of the text labels of cartographic or graphic items.



Note: Do not use subfield ‡d when a class of Braille writing is not specified.



‡f Braille music format (007/06–08) (NR) Optional
  Type of Braille music format.



Note: Do not use subfield ‡f when a Braille music format is not specified.


007  Physical Description Fixed Field (Videorecording) (R)



Subfield ‡e code g renamed/

redefined
‡e Videorecording format (007/04) (NR) Required if applicable
The recording format for videotapes or videodiscs. If a bibliographic record for a videorecording describes various available formats, e.g., Beta and VHS videocassettes, use a separate 007 field for each.
   g Laserdisc

Formerly, Laser optical (Reflective) videodisc

A laser optical (reflective) videorecording system that uses an analog technique called PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) to represent video information on a grooveless, smooth, round plastic disc.

This system started commercial use in 1978, but production declined rapidly after 1998 due to the success of the DVD format.

Laserdiscs exist in three sizes: 12, 8 and 4-3/4 inch diameters. The 12 inch disc is the most common size and is typically used for movies. The disc or its packaging usually bear the term or trademark: LD (LASER DISC), LASER VIDEODISC or LaserVision.

The 8 and 4-3/4 inch discs are uncommon and typically used for music videos or other short video programs. The disc or its packaging usually bear the term or trademark: CDV (CD VIDEO), LD (LASER DISC) or VSD (VIDEO SINGLE DISC).





Subfield ‡e code v defined  v DVD

A laser optical (reflective) videorecording system that uses a digital technique called PCM (Pulse Code Modulation) to represent video information on a grooveless, smooth, round plastic disc.

The system has been in use commercially since late 1996.

DVDs are usually 4-3/4 inch in diameter. The disc or its packaging usually bear the term or trademark: DVD, DVD VIDEO or VIDEO CD.



015  National Bibliography Number (R)



Field repeatability status changed



  Repeatable

Formerly, Nonrepeatable
Subfield defined ‡2 Source (NR) Optional
  The source of the national bibliography number in subfield ‡a. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions for the list of codes.


017  Copyright or Legal Deposit Number (R)



Field 017 renamed   Copyright or Legal Deposit Number

Formerly, Copyright Registration Number



Subfield renamed ‡b Assigning agency (R)

Formerly, Source



Mandatory
Subfield

defined
‡2 Source (NR) Optional
  The source of the copyright registration or legal deposit number in subfield ‡a. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions for the list of codes.


022  International Standard Serial Number (R)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


041  Language Code (R)



Field repeatability status changed



  Repeatable

Formerly, Nonrepeatable
2nd indicator defined   Source of code. The source of the language code used in the field.
blank character MARC language code

The source of the code is MARC Code List for Languages .
7 Source specified in subfield ‡2

The source of the language code is indicated by a code in subfield ‡2.



Subfield repeatability statuses changed ‡a Language code of text/sound-track or separate title (R) Mandatory (Required if applicable in VIS, COM, SCO)
‡b Language code of summary or abstract/overprinted title or subtitle (R) Required if applicable
‡d Language code of sung or spoken text (R) Required if applicable
‡e Language code of librettos (R) Required if applicable
‡f Language code of table of contents (R) Optional
‡g Language code of accompanying material other than librettos (R) Required if applicable
  Formerly, all the listed subfields were Nonrepeatable



OCLC users should cease the practice of placing multiple language codes in one subfield and begin using the single code per repeatable subfield practice starting December 1, 2002.

When creating MARC bibliographic records according to AACR2, see MARC Code List for Languages for the list of codes.

When creating Dublin Core® records, non-MARC code lists may be used.





Subfield

defined
‡2 Source of code (NR) Required if applicable
  The source of the language code scheme used in the field. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions for the list of codes.


042  Authentication Code (NR)



Subfield code defined ‡a Authentication code (R) Mandatory
dlr Digital Library Registry. Record is created according to the best practice guidelines developed by the Digital Library Federation for a registry of digitally reformatted and born digital monographs and serials.


043  Geographic Area Code (NR)



Subfield defined ‡c ISO code (R) Optional
A code taken from the International Organization for Standardization’s Codes for the Representation of Names of Countries and Their Subdivisions– Part 1: Country Codes or Part 2: Country Subdivision Codes (ISO 3166).



When creating MARC bibliographic records according to AACR2, see MARC Code List for Geographic Areas for the list of codes. Each geographic area code has seven character positions composed of lowercase letters and hyphens.

When creating Dublin Core® records, non-MARC code lists may be used.



055  Classification Numbers Assigned in Canada (R)



Field renamed   Classification Numbers Assigned in Canada

Formerly, Call Numbers/Class Numbers Assigned in Canada



Subfield

defined
‡6 Linkage (NR) Required if applicable
  Use to link fields that are different script representations of each other. Use for the tag number of the linking field, the occurrence number, the script identification code and the field orientation code.

082  Dewey Decimal Classification® Number (R)



Field renamed   Dewey Decimal Classification® Number

Formerly, Dewey Decimal Call Number

084  Other Classification Number (R)



Subfield renamed ‡2 Number source (NR)

Formerly, Source of number
Required if applicable

222  Key Title (R)



Field 222 redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


247  Former Title or Title Variations (R)



Input standards changed  

Required if applicable/Required if applicable

Formerly, Pre-AACR2 latest entry cataloging only





Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


310  Current Publication Frequency (NR)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.



The current stated publication frequency of either an item or an update to an item. The date(s) of the current publication frequency is given when the beginning date of the current publication frequency is not the same as the beginning date of the publication.

When an item has ceased publication, the current frequency date is closed but remains in field 310.

321  Former Publication Frequency (R)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.



The former publication frequency of either an item or an update to an item. Use only when a current publication frequency is given in field 310.


362  Dates of Publication and/or Sequential Designation (R)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


400  Series Statement/Added Entry–Personal Name (R)



Field 400 invalidated   Series Statement/Added Entry–Personal Name (R) Invalid
  OCLC has run a scan to delete field 400 from records. You may find field 400 in local systems in records used prior to this change.



Use field 490 (Series Statement) for name/title series statements. Trace the series statement in an 800 field (Series Added Entry–Personal Name).



410  Series Statement/Added Entry–Corporate Name (R)



Field 410 invalidated   Series Statement/Added Entry–Corporate Name (R) Invalid
  OCLC has run a scan to delete field 410 from records. You may find field 410 in local systems in records used prior to this change.



Use field 490 (Series Statement) for name/title series statements. Trace the series statement in an 810 field (Series Added Entry–Corporate Name).



411  Series Statement/Added Entry–Meeting Name (R)



Field 411 invalidated   Series Statement/Added Entry–Meeting Name (R) Invalid
  OCLC has run a scan to delete field 411 from records. You may find field 400 in local systems in records used prior to this change.



Use field 490 (Series Statement) for name/title series statements. Trace the series statement in an 811 field (Series Added Entry–Meeting Name).



508  Creation/Production Credits Note (R)



Field repeatability status changed   Repeatable

Formerly, Nonrepeatable


539  Fixed-Length Data Elements of Reproduction Note (R)



Subfield code defined ‡e Frequency (NR) Required if applicable
  k Continuously updated

The item is updated more frequently than daily.


547  Dates of Publication and/or Sequential Designation (R)



Input standards changed   Required if applicable/Required if applicable

Formerly, Pre-AACR2 latest entry cataloging only



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


550  Issuing Body Note (R)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


580  Linking Entry Complexity Note (R)



Field redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


720  Added Entry–Uncontrolled Name (R)



Field 720 defined   Added Entry–Uncontrolled Name (R) Optional
A name associated with a work when the name is not controlled in an authority file or list. Use also for names that have not been formulated according to cataloging rules. The names may be of any type (e.g., personal, corporate, meeting). Record the parts of names consisting of several parts in whatever order is desired. Repeat field 720 for multiple names.



Use field 720 when one of the other access fields (e.g., the 1xx or 7xx fields) cannot be used because the level of control and/or structure of the name does not meet the requirements of the other access fields. Do not use field 720 for uncontrolled names intended to provide subject access. Use field 653 instead.



1st indicator defined   Type of name. A value that indicates whether the name is personal, not personal or the type is not known.
blank character Not specified

The type of name is not known or not specified.
1 Personal

The name is known to be personal.
2 Other

The name is known to be other than personal.



2nd indicator defined   Undefined. The 2nd indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character).
blank character Undefined



Subfields defined a Name (NR) Mandatory
An uncontrolled name. There are no requirements for the style, formulation or structure of name, whether it consists of one part or several. Record parts in direct or inverted order. A single occurrence of subfield a contains all the parts of the name. Repeat field 720 for multiple names.
e Relator term (R) Optional
A designation of function that describes the relationship between a name and a work (e.g., collector, comp., ed., ill., joint author, tr.).
4 Relator code (R) Optional
A code that specifies the relationship between a name and a work. Use more than one relator code if the name entity has more that one function. The code is given after the name portion in name/title fields. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions .
6 Linkage (NR) Required if applicable
Use to link fields that are different script representations of each other. Use for the tag number of the linking field, the occurrence number, the script identification code and the field orientation code.



Printing   Field 720 does not print.


754  Added Entry–Taxonomic Identification (R)



Subfield renamed



a Taxonomic name

Formerly, Taxonomic name/taxonomic category
Subfields defined c Taxonomic category (R) Optional
  The taxonomic category to which the name in subfield a belongs. The terms used in this subfield are specified by the thesaurus identified in subfield 2. Subfield c always precedes the data with which it is associated.
d Common or alternative name (R) Optional
  The common or alternative name to which the name in subfield a belongs. Subfield d may refer to one or multiple occurrences of subfield a.
x Non-public note (R) Optional
  A note that is not displayed to the public.
z Public note (R) Optional
  A note relating to the taxonomic identification and that is written in a form that is adequate or intended for public display.


76x–78x  Linking Entry Fields



Fields redefined   Scope now includes both continuing resources and integrating resources.


852  Location (R)



Subfield

defined
8 Sequence number (NR) Optional
  Data that sequences related holdings records. See MARC 21 Format for Holdings Data for more information.


887  Non-MARC Information Field (R)



Field 887 defined   Non-MARC Information Field (R) Optional
Data from non-MARC records for which there are no corresponding MARC 21 fields. Used for converting non-MARC records into the MARC 21 format.



1st indicator defined   Undefined. The 1st indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character).
blank character Undefined



2nd indicator defined   Undefined. The 2nd indicator position is undefined and contains a blank ( blank character).
blank character Undefined



Subfields defined a Content of non-MARC field (NR) Mandatory
The entire content of the non-MARC data including any tags or element names as encoded in the non-MARC information.
2 Source of data (NR) Optional
The source of the data, either a schema or DTD reference. See MARC Code Lists for Relators, Sources, Description Conventions for the list of codes.



Printing   Field 887 does not print.


956  Local Electronic Location and Access (R)



Subfield

defined
y Taxonomic category (R) Optional
  The link text that is used for display in place of the URL in subfield u. When subfield y is present, applications should use the contents of subfield y as the link, instead of the content of subfield u when linking to the destination in subfield u. Subfield u is independent of the 2nd indicator value.


3 MARC Code List Changes

Category Codes Sources

Fields 072–Subfield ‡2



Codes defined Code Source
agricola AGRICOLA subject category codes (Agriculture Network Information Center)
fiaf Moulds, Michael. Classification scheme for literature on film and television (London : International Federation of Film Archives)
iescs International energy subject categories and scope (Paris : International Energy Agency)
ntissc NTIS subject categories (Springfield, VA : National Technical Information Service)


Classification Sources

Fields 084 and 852–Subfield ‡2



Codes defined Code Source
agricola AGRICOLA subject category codes (Agriculture Network Information Center)
agrissc AGRIS: subject category codes (Rome : AGRIS Coordinating Centre)
farl Frick Art Reference Library book classification system (New York, NY : Frick Art Reference Library)
fiaf Moulds, Michael. Classification scheme for literature on film and television (London : International Federation of Film Archives)
loovs Løøvs klassifikationssystem (Stockholm : Kungliga biblioteket)


Country Codes

Ctry (008/15–17), Fields 044, 535–Subfield ‡g and 775–Subfield ‡f



Code defined Code Country
em East Timor


Geographic Area Codes

Field 043–Subfield ‡a



Codes defined Code Geographic Area
a-em--- East Timor
  u-cs--- Coral Sea Islands
  nwaw--- Aruba
  nwbn--- Bonaire


Language Codes

Lang (008/35–37), Fields 040–Subfield ‡b, 041, 242–Subfield ‡y and 775–Subfield ‡e



Codes defined Code Language Previous Code
ast Bable spa
ido Ido art
iii Sichuan Yi Not Applicable
lim Limburgish Not Applicable
nap Neapolitan Italian ita
sma Southern Sami smi
smj Lule Sami smi
smn Inari Sami smi
sms Skolt Sami smi
tup Tupi languages sai
  wln Walloon roa


Other Sources

Field 015–Subfield ‡2



Codes defined Code Source
abc Anuario bibliográfico colombiano (Calí : Biblioteca Jorge García B.)
  abd Anuario bibliográfico dominicana (Ciudad Trujillo : Biblioteca Nacional)
  abe Anuario bibliográfico ecuatoriano (Cuenca : Banco Central del Ecuador)
  abp Anuario bibliográfico peruano (Lima : Editorial Lumen)
  abu Anuario bibliográfico uruguayo (Montevideo : Biblioteca Nacional)
  anb Australian national bibliography (Canberra : National Library of Australia)
  ba Bibliografía d’Andorra (Andorra La Vella : Biblioteca Nacional)
  bbe Bibliographie de Belgique (Bruxelles : H. Manceaux)
  bbo Bibliografía boliviana (Cochabamba : Amigos del Libro)
  bbr Bibliografia brasileira (Rio de Janeiro : Biblioteca Nacional)
  bccb Brinkman’s cumulatieve catalogus van boeken (Leiden : Sijthoff)
  bc Bibliografía cubana (Habana : Biblioteca Nacional José Martí)
  be Bibliografía española (Madrid : Servicio Nacional de Información Bibliográfica)
  bk Bulgarski knigopis (Sofiíà : Narodna biblioteka Kiril i Metodii)
  bkck Bibliograficky katalog: Ceské knihy (Praha : Národní knihovna)
  bksk Bibliograficky katalog: Slovenské knihy (Brastislava : Národní knihovna)
  bl Bibliographie luxembourgeoise pour l’année (Luxembourg : Bibliothèque nationale)
  bm Bibliografía mexicana (Ciudad de México : Biblioteca Nacional)
  bnb British national bibliography (London : British Library, Bibliographic Services Division)
  bnc Bibliografia nacional de Catalunya (Barcelona : Departement de Cultura de la Generalitat de Catalunya)
  bne Bibliografía nacional de España (Madrid : Biblioteca Nacional de España)
  bnf Bibliographie nationale française (Paris : Bibliothèque nationale de France)
  bni Bibliografia nazionale italiana (Roma : Istituto centrale per il catalogo unico delle biblioteche italiane e per le informazioni)
  bnm Bibljografija nazzjonal ta’ Malta = National bibliography of Malta (Valletta : National Library of Malta)
  bnr Bibliografia nationala româna (Bucuresti : Biblioteca Nationale a României)
  bv Bibliografía venezolana (Caracas : Instituto Autónomo Biblioteca Nacional y Servicios de Bibliotecas)
  can Canadiana (Ottawa : National Library of Canada)
  cncr Catálogo nacional de Costa Rica (San José : Biblioteca Nacional)
  db Deutsche Bibliographie (Frankfurt am Main : Die Deutsche Bibliothek)
  dbf Dansk bogfortegnelse (Ballerup : Dansk Bibliotekscenter)
  eev Ellenikê ethnikê vivliografia (Athenai : Ethnikê Vivliothêkê tês Ellados)
  hb Hrvatska bibliografija (Zagreb : Nacionalna i sveucilisna biblioteka)
  ib Islensk bókaskrá (Reykjevík : Landbókasafn Islands - Háskólabókasafn)
  ipr Irish publishing record (Dublin : University College of Dublin)
  kktzm Kokuritsu kokkai Toshokan zosho mokuroku (Tokyo : National Diet Library)
  kl Knizhnaíà letopis’ (Moskva : Rossiiskaíà knizhnaíà palata)
  la Libros argentinos (Buenos Aires : Cámara Argentina del Libro)
  lb Liechtensteinische Bibliographie (Vaduz : Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek)
  mnb Magyar nemzeti bibliográfia (Budapest : Országos Széchényi Könyvtár)
  nbf Norsk bokfortegnelse (Oslo : Norske bokhandlerforening)
  nznb New Zealand national bibliography (Wellington : National Library of New Zealand)
  oeb Oesterreichische Bibliographie (Wien : Oesterreichische Nationalbibliothek)
  pb Przewodnik bibliograficzny (Warszawa : Biblioteka Narodowa)
  pb Przewodnik bibliograficzny (Warszawa : Biblioteka Narodowa)
  sanb South African national bibliography (Pretoria : National Library of South Africa)
  sbf Svensk bokförteckning (Stockholm : Svenska bokhandlareforeningen)
  skl Suomen kirjallisuus (Helsinki : Helsingin Yliopiston Kirjasto)
  slb Slovenska bibliografija (Ljubljana : Narodna in univerzitetna knjiznica)
  szb Das Schweizer Buch : Schweizerische Nationalbibliographie (Zürich : Schweizerischer Buchhändler- und Verlegerverband)
  ulk Ukraïna : litopys knih (Kyïv : Knyzhkova palata Ukraïny)
  znb Zimbabwe national bibliography (Harare : National Archives)


Relator Codes

Access Fields–Subfield ‡4



Codes defined Code Source
cov Cover designer

Use for the person responsible for the graphic design of an album cover, book cover, box, container, slipcase, etc. For the person responsible for the graphic design of an entire book, use Book designer; for book jackets, use Bookjacket designer.
  mrk Markup editor
  prm Printmaker

Use for the person who makes an intaglio, planographic printing surface or relief.


Term, Name, Title Sources

Fields 600 through 651–Subfield ‡2



Codes defined Code Source
albt Arbetslivsbibliotekets tesaurus (Stockholm : Arbetslivsbiblioteket)
eclas ECLAS thesaurus (Luxembourg : European Communities, Office for Official Publications)
  iescs International energy subject categories and scope (Paris : International Energy Agency)
  kao KVINNSAM ämnesordsregister (Jyväskylä : Kasvatustieteiden tutkimuslaitos)
  ncjt National criminal justice thesaurus (Rockville, MD : U.S. Dept. of Justice, Institute of Justice, National Criminal Justice Reference Service)
  ntissc NTIS subject categories (Springfield, VA : National Technical Information Service)
  nznb New Zealand national bibliography (Wellington : National Library of New Zealand)
  prvt Patent- och registreringsverket tesaurus (Stockholm : Patent- och Registreringsverket)
  sbiao Svenska barnbokinstitutets ämnesordslista (Stockholm : Svenska barnboksinstitutet)
  scot Schools online thesaurus (Carlton South, Vic. : Curriculum Corp.)
  sfit Svenska filminstitutets tesaurus (Stockholm : Svenska filminstitutet)
  shbe Subject headings in business and economics (Stockholm : Handelshögskolan i Stockholm)
  umitrist University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute structured thesaurus (Ann Arbor, MI : Research Information and Publications Center, University of Michigan, Transportation Research Institute)


Field 655–Subfield ‡2



Code defined Code Source
  fbg Films by genre (Jefferson, NC : McFarland)


Fields 655 through 658–Subfield ‡2



Code defined Code Source
nznb New Zealand national bibliography (Wellington : National Library of New Zealand)


4 Initial Article List Changes

See list in Searching WorldCat User Guide, Appendix A.2, “Initial articles to omit.”



Articles defined for stop list Article Language
enne Walloon
nj¯e Albanian



Articles removed for stop list Article Language
ho- Hebrew
kay Tagalog
kekahi Hawaiian
sa Tagalog
sa mga Tagalog
si Tagalog
siná Tagalog



Languages renamed Article Language Previous Language
de, ’e, in, it, ’n, ’t Frisian Friesian
a’, am, an, an t-, na, NA h- Scottish Gaelic Gaelic
a, as, o, unha Galician Gallegan
’o Neapolitan Italian Neapolitan
IL, l’, la, las, le, les, lh, lhi, li, lis, lo, los, lou, lu, un, una, uno, uns, us



Provençal/Occitan Provençal/Langue d’oc
Language added to articles Article Language
des Walloon
ein Walloon
Walloon
les Walloon



Language removed from article



Article Language
uns Portuguese
Article correction Article Language Previous Article
hið



Icelandic hiõ
( Note: Final character is an eth.)


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