Searching Tips for OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging

Introduction

This document provides information about searching for library staff who help plan the configuration of the library's Z39.50 client. It also helps those who train or supervise staff who will use the OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging service.

For OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging, searching methods are determined by the capabilities of the OCLC server and by the implementation of the capabilities in your library's local system client. For example, the server makes several indexes available for searching. The library decides which indexes its client will support and how staff will use them.

The Z39.50 Configuration Guide for OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging also contains information about the server's searching capabilities.

For information describing MARC record structure, character sets, and exchange media formatting, see OCLC-MARC Records .

SCIPIO: Art and Rare Book Sales Catalog. This database is the only online union catalog of auction catalog records in existence. These records have been loaded into WorldCat. To search for only SCIPIO records, just search as you normally would and add the Authentication Code index with “scipio” to your search.

General Search Tips

Databases available

In addition to OLUCWorldCat, you can use the OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging service to search these OCLC databases:

Database More information
OCLCAuthoritiesLC Searching Tips for OCLC Z39.50 Authorities
OCLCInstitutionRecords Searching Tips for OCLC Z39.50 Institution Records

Depending upon your client, separate sessions may be required for each database.

Indexes available

The indexes provided by the server are listed in the section below about MARC fields and subfields indexed.

Word and phrase indexes

Most indexes in OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging are word or phrase indexes. The following examples highlight the differences between them:

  • To search for the title Baffled, but not beaten, or, Nick Carter's fight for life in a phrase index, you must enter the entire title: baffled but not beaten or nick carters fight for life. Your search finds only records containing that specific title.

    In a word index you enter one-or-more words from the title, for example, you might enter baffled and beaten. Your search finds the records containing the title Baffled, but not beaten, or, Nick Carter's fight for life and it also finds other records containing baffled and beaten.

  • To search for the title Emma in a phrase index, you enter emma. Your search finds only records containing that one-word title.

    In a word index, if you enter emma, your search finds all records containing emma anywhere in the title.

Index browsing

The OCLC server supports the Z39.50 Scan Service capability. If your client supports that capability, you can browse indexes to view a list of the words or phrases included. When you want to use a phrase index, OCLC recommends browsing it first to verify the phrase before searching.

Stopwords

In word indexes. Stopwords (listed below) are words that are not included in word indexes because they occur frequently and do not add to the content of the indexes. Exclude stopwords from searches in word indexes. If you include a stopword in a word index search, the server returns an error message.

In phrase indexes. Include stopwords in searches of phrase indexes. However, exclude a, an, or the when it is the first word of a title.

a for in she was
an from into so were
and had is than when
are has it that which
as have its the with
at he not their would
be her of there you
but his on this  
by if or to  

Punctuation and symbols

Include the following letters, digits, punctuation marks, and symbols in searches:

  • Letters, a-z
  • Digits, 0-9
  • - (hyphen) within words
  • & (ampersand) within words

You do not need to capitalize names or other proper nouns in searches. All letters are treated as lowercase whether you enter them as lowercase or uppercase.

Exclude hyphens when they are preceded and followed by blank spaces. Include them within words, such as high-energy. Search for hyphenated words in various ways. For example: post operative, post-operative, postoperative.

When an ampersand (&) is preceded and followed by blank spaces, exclude it in word indexes but include it in phrase indexes. Include ampersands within words in word or phrase indexes. For example, enter at&t.

Substitute a space for a / (slash). For example, enter men women instead of men/women.

Exclude other punctuation marks and symbols. Do not substitute a space for them. For example, to search for O'Hara, enter ohara.

Index-Specific Search Tips

ISSN, ISBN, LCCN

When searching for International Standard Serial Numbers (ISSNs), International Standard Book Numbers (ISBNs), and Library of Congress Control Numbers (LCCNs), use thefollowing rules:

  • Enter an ISSN with a hyphen. For example, to search for ISSN 0043-5651, enter: 0043-5651
  • Enter an ISBN without hyphens. For example, to search for ISBN 0-316-08275-9, enter: 0316082759
  • Enter an LCCN as an eight- or ten-digit number without a hyphen. The first two or four (beginning 2001) digits represent the year; the remainder of the number has six digits including leading zeros. For example:
    • to search for the LCCN 86-3211, enter: 86003211
    • to search for the LCCN 2001-33918, enter: 2001033918

Music Number

Music number searching has been normalized. Data is concatenated up to parentheses, periods and dashes ( “ab(123)”, “ ab.123” and “ab-123” are all searchable as “ab123”). Each music number up to a comma is indexed alone. All letters of your search term are significant and should be included. The maximum number of valid numbers per record is 20.

Dewey Decimal Classification

Dewey Decimal classification indexes use only the subject portion of the call numbers assigned. Decimal points are retained. Concatenate all spaces and ignore all punctuations except periods.

For example, to search for the subject Manned space flight, enter: 629.45.

Library of Congress Classification

Library of Congress classification indexes use only the subject portion of the call numbers assigned. Zero ranging has been eliminated. Only subfield a of the classification number is searchable. For example “ QA74.M7” can now only be accessed under “ QA74”.

Government Document Number

Delete all punctuation and spaces to search government document numbers.

For example, to search for Y 4.P 96/10:N 81 d, enter: y4p9610n81d

Subject heading phrase

Each part of a subject heading is indexed as a separate phrase. For example, Ireland--History--Civil War, 1922-1923 is indexed as the following phrases:

  • ireland
  • history
  • civil war 1922-1923

Right truncation is supported for subject heading phrases.

Title phrase

Omit initial articles ( a, an, the, and the non-English equivalents) from your title search.

The title and subtitle (subfields a and b of the 245 field) are combined and indexed as a single phrase. For example, Around the majors in 60 days : my baseball dream is indexed as around the majors in 60 days my baseball dream. Because right truncation is supported for title phrases, you can enter around the majors to search for this title and others that begin around the majors, if right truncation is set.

If your client supports the Z39.50 Scan Service, you can browse indexes to view a list of the words or phrases included. OCLC recommends browsing the title phrase index before searching to verify the phrase to use.

Authors names in phrase indexes

When searching a subject phrase index for records describing materials about an author (or any person), enter the last name first and then the first name. Do not enter a comma after the last name.

When searching an author phrase index for records describing materials by an author, enter the last name first, a comma, and then the first name.

If your client supports the Z39.50 Scan Service, you can browse indexes to view a list of the words or phrases included. OCLC recommends browsing the author phrase index before searching to verify the phrase to use.

When you browse an author phrase index, last names that begin with the same word are listed in the following order:

  1. Two-word unhyphenated last names.
  2. Two-word hyphenated last names.
  3. Single-word last names.

For example, the following names would appear in the order shown below:

  1. lloyd weber, andrew
  2. lloyd-jones, charles
  3. lloyd, alan

Date of Sale (SCIPIO only)

You can enter a date of sale as a single day (month-day-year or month-year) or as a date range.

  • Single day:  Enter April 15, 2005 as 04152005 or

    Single month: Enter April, 2005 as 042005
  • Date range. Enter any date within the range. Given a record representing a sale held from June 25, 1955 to July 9, 1955, users should be able to enter:

    Date range: 06291955 (June 29, 1955) or 06301955-07311955 (June 30-July 3, 1955)

OCLC Institution Records

OCLC Institution Records are records acquired from other cataloging systems (initially RLG Union Catalog bibliographic records from the Research Libraries Information Network). An institution record preserves a specific institution's MARC bibliographic description for a specific library item. Unlike WorldCat master records, a given item may have multiple independent institution records associated or attached to it.

Institution Records are stored in the OCLCInstitutionRecord database, and can be accessed via their Institution Record Numbers. These numbers are found within one or more 952 fields in a WorldCat master record. However, when searching WorldCat, information stored in attached Institution Records is searched as well.

Example record set

These four records are used in the search example below. Fields may have a different overall appearance in your particular Z39.50 client. Some fields are not shown to save space.

OCLC Master record.  The WorldCat record is OCLC 00000079, Cubism and abstract art by the Museum of Modern Art..

010:__ {a}   66026123  
040:__ {a}DLC {c}DLC {d}VRC {d}BAKER {d}XMA {d}BTCTA  
035:__ {a}(OCoLC)79 {z}(OCoLC)1448571
050:10 {a}N6494 {b}.C8
082:00 {a}709.04
110:2_ {a}Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)
245:10 {a}Cubism and abstract art, {c}by Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
250:__ {a}Reprint ed.
260:__ {a}New York, {b}Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Arno Press, {c}1966 [c1936]
300:__ {a}249 p. {b}illus. {c}27 cm.
504:__ {a}Bibliography: p. 234-249.
650:_0 {a}Cubism
650:_0 {a}Art, Abstract
700:10 {a}Barr, Alfred Hamilton, {d}1902-1981.
952:__ {a}79 {z}DLC {b}LIBRARY OF CONGRESS {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {t}Contents {u}20070510
952:__ {a}124708158 {z}AS0 {b}AMON CARTER MUS LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
952:__ {a}125636115 {z}MMX {b}MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, THE {h}Other {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
952:__ {a}126896754 {z}UVV {b}FASHION INST OF TECH LIBR {h}Full; not ex. {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070514
952:__ {a}130417433 {z}YUS {b}YALE UNIV LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070518

Institution Records.

  • Amon Carter Museum Library (AS0)
  • 010:__ {a}   66026123  
    040:__ {a}AS0 {c}AS0 
    035:__ {a}(OCoLC)124708158
    035:__ {a}(CStRLIN)TXAM92-B2964
    050:0_ {a}N6494 {b}.C8
    079:__ {a}ocm00000079 {z}ocm01448571
    090:__ {a}N6494.C8 {b}M87
    110:2_ {a}Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)
    245:10 {a}Cubism and abstract art, {c}by Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
    250:__ {a}Reprint ed.
    260:__ {a}New York, {b}Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Arno Press, {c}1966 [c1936]
    300:__ {a}249 p. {b}illus. {c}27 cm.
    500:__ {a}Includes catalog of an exhibition.
    504:__ {a}Bibliography: p. 234-249.
    650:_0 {a}Cubism.
    650:_0 {a}Art, Abstract.
    650:_0 {a}Art, Modern {y}20th century.
    952:__ {a}79 {z}DLC {b}LIBRARY OF CONGRESS {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {t}Contents {u}20070510
    952:__ {a}124708158 {z}AS0 {b}AMON CARTER MUS LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}125636115 {z}MMX {b}MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, THE {h}Other {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}126896754 {z}UVV {b}FASHION INST OF TECH LIBR {h}Full; not ex. {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070514
    952:__ {a}130417433 {z}YUS {b}YALE UNIV LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070518
  • Museum of Modern Art(MMX)
  • 010:__ {a}   66026123    
    040:__ {a}MMX {c}MMX 
    035:__ {a}(OCoLC)125636115
    035:__ {a}(NNMoMA)19497
    035:__ {a}(CStRLIN)NYMX86-B7621
    050:14 {a}N6494 {b}.C8
    079:__ {a}ocm00000079 {z}ocm01448571
    245:00 {a}Cubism and abstract art, {c}by Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
    250:__ {a}Reprint ed.
    260:__ {a}New York, {b}Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Arno Press, {c}1966 [c1936]
    300:__ {a}249 p. {b}illus. {c}27 cm.
    500:__ {a}Includes catalog of an exhibition.
    500:__ {a}The reproductions are in black and white.
    700:1_ {a}Barr, Alfred Hamilton, {d}1902-1981.
    650:_0 {a}Cubism.
    650:_0 {a}Art, Abstract.
    952:__ {a}79 {z}DLC {b}LIBRARY OF CONGRESS {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {t}Contents {u}20070510
    952:__ {a}124708158 {z}AS0 {b}AMON CARTER MUS LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}125636115 {z}MMX {b}MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, THE {h}Other {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}126896754 {z}UVV {b}FASHION INST OF TECH LIBR {h}Full; not ex. {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070514
    952:__ {a}130417433 {z}YUS {b}YALE UNIV LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070518
  • Fashion Institute of Technology Library (UVV)
  • 010:__ {a}   66026123  
    040:__ {a}UVV {c}UVV
    035:__ {a}(OCoLC)126896754
    035:__ {a}(CStRLIN)NYFA88-B9176
    050:1_ {a}N6494 {b}.C8
    079:__ {a}ocm00000079 {z}ocm01448571
    082:__ {a}709.4
    110:2_ {a}Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.)
    245:10 {a}Cubism and abstract art, {c}by Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
    250:__ {a}Reprint ed.
    260:__ {a}New York : {b}Published for the Museum of Modern Art by Arno Press, {c}1966 [c1936]
    300:__ {a}249 p. {b}illus. {c}27 cm.
    500:__ {a}Includes catalog of an exhibition.
    504:__ {a}Bibliography: p. 234-249.
    650:_0 {a}Cubism.
    650:_0 {a}Art, Abstract.
    952:__ {a}79 {z}DLC {b}LIBRARY OF CONGRESS {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {t}Contents {u}20070510
    952:__ {a}124708158 {z}AS0 {b}AMON CARTER MUS LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}125636115 {z}MMX {b}MUSEUM OF MODERN ART, THE {h}Other {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070512
    952:__ {a}126896754 {z}UVV {b}FASHION INST OF TECH LIBR {h}Full; not ex. {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070514
    952:__ {a}130417433 {z}YUS {b}YALE UNIV LIBR {h}Full {i}LCC {k}DDC {u}20070518

Search example

If a subject search is performed with the search text cubism, OCLC 00000079, Cubism and abstract art , is retrieved because the OCLC master record (as well as all of the Institution Records) contains the 650 heading Cubism.

If a subject search is performed with the search text art, modern , OCLC 00000079, Cubism and abstract art, is still retrieved because the attached (and searched) Institution Record for the Amon Carter Musuem Library contains the 690 heading Art,Modern -- 20th century .

MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

Keyword Government Number Other Subject Headings
Access Method Individual Auctioneer's Name (SCIPIO only) Personal Name
Access Restrictions ISBN Physical Description
Action Note ISSN Place of Publication
Auction House Name (SCIPIO only) ISSN-L Place of Sale (SCIPIO only)
Authentication Code Language Index Restrictor Publisher
Author Keyword Language of Cataloging Description Report Number
Author Phrase LC Children's Literature Subject Headings RVM
Cataloging Source LC Classification Sale Code (SCIPIO only)
Character Sets LC Subject Headings Sears Subject Headings
Citation Index (SCIPIO only) LCCN Series Title
Collection Level Library and Archive Canada Classification Standard Number
Collector or Seller Name(s) (SCIPIO only) Library and Archives Canada Subject Headings Subject All
Cooperative Programs Material Type Restrictor Subject Headings
Corporate & Conference Name MESH Subject Headings System Control Number
Country of Publication Music Number Title Key
Date Created as MARC Musical Composition Restrictor Title Keyword
Date of Sale (SCIPIO only) NAL Classification Title Phrase
Description Conventions NAL Subject Headings UDC
Descriptor Named Conference & Corporation Uniform Title
Dewey Decimal Named Person Update Date
Dewey Decimal Edition (d2) National Bibliography Number Vendor Information
Document Type Restrictor NLM Classification Year of Publication (Date 1)
Entity Attributes Notes Year of Publication (Date 2)
General Call Number OCLC Accession Number  
Genre/Form Other Class Number  
Geographic Coverage Other Format  

Note: The Update Date does not display in the record. The 005 field displays the current date and time.

Introduction

For each index, the table below lists the combinations of Use and Structure attributes used to access the index through the OCLC Z39.50 server. The table also lists the MARC fields and subfields covered by the index. Where "word" is valid as a structure attribute, "word list" is valid as well.

Please note that WorldCat indexing does not directly follow the Bib-1 attribute set and there may be local differences between what OCLC has mapped and the Bib-1 attribute set available on the Library of Congress Z39.50 Maintenance Agency Page.

OCLC provides a Test Server to assist users and system vendors with Z39.50 client configuration.

Z39.50 Attribute Map for OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging Indexing

Keyword Index
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1016/word

5110/word

Author keyword 1

Title keyword 1

Notes 1

Subject 1

Publisher 1

Place of Publication 1

008 Date 1

008 Date 2

020/az

034/abdefgz3

052/ab

255/abcde

502/bcdgo

506/af

518/dop

530/bcd3

586/a

1  These fields are fully described further down in this documentation. 

Back to index table

 

Access Method
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1209/word

5856/word

856/u

Each punctuation is a separation to a new “word” in the URL. Stopwords are not included for this index. 

Back to index table

Access Restrictions
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5068/word, phrase

506/af

Back to index table

Action Note
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5016/word

583/achil235

Back to index table

 

Auction House Name (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5060/word, phrase

110/a-enu

Back to index table

 

Authentication Code
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6900/word, phrase

042/a

Back to index table

Author Keyword 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1003/word

5003/word

 

100/abcdjqu

110/abcdenu

111/acdenqu

245/c

505/r

508/a

511/a

550/a

700/abcdjqu

710/abcden

711/acdenq

720/a

770/a

773/a

780/a

785/a

787/a

800/abcdqu

810/abcden

811/acdenq

1 Commas not necessary for searching names 

 

790/abcdjqu

791/abcden

792/acdenq

796/abcdjqu

797/abcden

798/acdenq

896/abcdqu

897/abcen

898/acdenq

2 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Author Phrase 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1003/phrase 5003/phrase

100/abcdjq

110/abcdn

111/acdenq

700/abcdjq

710/abcdn

711/acdenq

720/a
1The first comma in the phrase is retained in the search for data in the 100 and 700 fields used for personal names. In Author Phrase, the other corporate and conference authors do not retain any commas.
  790/abcdjq

791/abcdn

792/acdenq

796/abcdjq

797/abcdn

798/acdenq
2 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Cataloging Source
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6119/phrase

040/ac

Back to index table

Character Sets
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6111/word

066/c

Valid terms are:

    ara (Arabic)

    ben (Bengali)

    cjk (Chinese, Japanese, and Korean)

    cyr (Cyrillic)

    dev (Devanagari)

    gre (Greek)

    hbr (Hebrew)

    tam (Tamil)

    tha (Thai)

Back to index table

Citation Index (former Lugt/Lancour) [SCIPIO only]
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5940/word, phrase

510/ac

Back to index table

Collection Level
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
5999/word 773/w

810/w

811/w

830/w

Back to index table

Collector or Seller Name(s) (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5063/word, phrase

600/a-djq

653/a

696/a-djq

Back to index table

Cooperative Programs
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1019/word

008 <source>

040/ac

042/a

From Scrc code in 008, 040, and 042 fields 

Back to index table

Corporate & Conference Name 1, 2, 3
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1005/word, phrase

1006/word, phrase

110/abcdenu 1

111/acdenqu

653/a if the 2nd indicator is 2 or 3

710/abcden 1

711/acdenq

1 The 110/eu and 710/e are only available in the keyword forms of their respective indexes.
 

791/abcden 2

792/acdenq

797/abcden 2

798/acdenq

2 The 791/e and 797/e are only available in the keyword forms of their respective indexes.

3 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Country of Publication
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6104/word, phrase

008/15-17

044/ac

Back to index table

Date Created as MARC
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5991/word, phrase

008/00-05 "Entered"

Date format: yyyymmdd ( y=year, m=month, d=day)

Back to index table

Date of Sale (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1145/word, date

033/a

Back to index table

Description Conventions
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5067/word

040/e

Back to index table

Descriptor 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5650/word,phrase

600/x

610/x

611/x

630/x

650/abx

651/x

653/a if the 2nd indicator is 0

655/x

 
 

690/abx

691/x

696/x

697/x

698/x

699/x

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Dewey Decimal
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

13/word

082/a

092/a

695/a if the 2nd indicator is 1

Back to index table

Dewey Decimal Edition (d2)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
6100/word 082/2

092/2 

Back to index table

Document Type Restrictor
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1001/word, phrase

008 <source>

945/f

008 Valid terms are:

    bks (Books)

    ser (Serials)

    vis (Visual materials)

    rec (Sound recordings)

    sco (Musical scores)

    map (Maps)

    com (Computer files)

    mix (Mixed material)

    url (Internet resources)

    art (Papers/Articles)

Back to index table

Entity Attributes
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6112/word, phrase

046/kl

340/abcdefhijkmno

344/abcdefgh

345/ab

346/ab

347/abce

377/al

380/a

381/a

382/abdpv

383/abcde

384/a

Back to index table

General Call Number (OCLC Institution Records only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5017/word, phrase

852/hij

Back to index table

Genre/Form 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
5655/word, phrase 655/abv

600/v

610/v

611/v

630/v

650/v

651/v

653/a if the 2nd indicator is 6
 
 

690/v

691/v

696/v

697/v

698/v

699/v

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Geographic Coverage 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
58/word, phrase 043/a 1

651/az

600/z

610/z

611/z

630/z

650/z

653/a if the 2nd indicator is 5

655/z
1 043/a is indexed as the English terms represented by the codes.

Back to index table

Government Number
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

50/word

074/a

086/az 

Back to index table

Individual Auctioneer's Name (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5039/word, phrase

700/a-djqu

796/a-djqu

Back to index table

ISBN
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

7/word, phrase

020/az

Back to index table

ISSN
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

8/word, phrase

022/ayz

Back to index table

ISSN-L
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
5558/word, phrase 022/lm

Back to index table

Language Index/Restrictor
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

54/word,phrase

008 language (USMARC code)

041/2 if the 2nd indicator is 7

041/a if the 1st indicator is 0

041/bdefgj

377/a

Back to index table

Language of Cataloging Description
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1183/word

040/b

Back to index table

LC Children's Literature Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 1) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1008/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

Back to index table

LC Classification
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

16/word, phrase

050/ad

055/a

090/a

695/a if the 2nd indicator is 0

No zero fillers.

Not rangeable.

All punctuation except periods ignored
.

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LC Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 0) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

27/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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LCCN
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

9/phrase

010/abz 

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Library and Archive Canada Classification
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5055/word

055/a

No zero fillers.

Not rangeable.

All punctuation except periods ignored.

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Library and Archives Canada Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 5) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5300/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Material Type Restrictor
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1031/word, phrase 945/mnpq  Based on information in the Leader, 006, 007, 008, and looking for terms in specific parts of the record

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MESH Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 2) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

25/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Music Number
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

51/word, phrase

028/a 1

1 Music number standardized

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Musical Composition Restrictor
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
5847/word, phrase

006/01-02 if the 006/00 is c, d, i, j

008/18-19 if the Leader/06 is c, d, i, j

047/a

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NAL Classification
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

18/word

070/a

No zero fillers.

Not rangeable.

All punctuation except periods ignored.

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NAL Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 3) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1088/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Named Conference and Corporation 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
5610/word, phrase

5611/word, phrase



610/abcdnp

611/acdenpq
 
  697/abcdnp

698/acdenpq
1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only.

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Named Person 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1009/word, phrase 600/abcdjq

653/a if the 2nd indicator is 1
1 The first comma is retained as part of the search for this index only. 
 

696/abcdjq

2 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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National Bibliographic Number

Use/Structure Attrib.

MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

48/word

015/az2

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NLM Classification
Use/Structure Attrib.MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

17/word, phrase

060/ab

096/ab

695 ab if the 2nd indicator is 2

No zero fillers.

Not rangeable.

All punctuation except periods ignored.

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Notes 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

63/word

500/a

501/a

502/abcdgo

504/a

505/art

508/a

506/af

511/a

518/a dop

520/ab

521/a

530/bcd3

533/abcdefn

534/at

536/abcdefgh

538/a

545/a

550/a

586/a

753/abc

 

  590/a 1 These indexes search in OCLC Institution Records only.

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OCLC Accession Number

Use/Structure Attrib.

MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

12/word, phrase

1211/word, phrase

001 

019/a

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Other Class Number
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5073/word, phrase

055/a (2 nd indicator = 6, 7, 8, or 9)

084/a

098/a

099/a

695 (2 nd indicator = 4, 5, or 9)

Back to index table

Other Format
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5029/phrase

776/w

Enter "(OCoLC)" with or without the parentheses, followed by the OCLC number. Any blanks or spaces that follow the OCLC number are ignored. "OCoLC" is not case-sensitive.

Back to index table

Other Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 7) 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

6136/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz2

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz2

611/acdegknpqtvxyz2

630/adkmnoprstvxyz2

648/avxyz2

650/abvxyz2

651/avxyz2

655/abvxyz2

1 Subfield 2 not available for phrase.

 

690/abvxyz2

691/avxyz2

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz2

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz2

698/acdegknpqtvxyz2

699/adkmnoprstvxyz2

1 Subfield 2 not available for phrase.

2 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Personal Name 1, 2, 3
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1004/word, phrase 100/abcdjqu

700/abcdjqu

1 The first comma in the phrase is retained in the search for data in the 100 and 700 fields used for personal names. In Author Phrase, the other corporate and conference authors do not retain any commas.

2 Subfield u not available for phrase.

  790/abcdjqu

796/abcdjqu
3 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Physical Description
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5995/word, phrase

300/a

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Place of Publication
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

59/word

257/a

260/ae

261/f

264/a

533/b

752/abcd

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Place of Sale (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5062/word

500/a

518/a

Text in these subfields must be preceded by “Place of sale:” or “Place of auction:”

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Publisher
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1018/word, phrase

260/bf

261/abe

264/b

533/c

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Report Number
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1027/word, phrase

027/az

088/a

Collapse all punctuation

Back to index table

Répertoire des vedettes matière (2 nd indicator = 6) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

28/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Sale Code (SCIPIO only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5030/word, phrase

024/a

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Sears Subject Headings (2 nd indicator = 8) 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1210/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Series Title 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5/word, phrase

440/anpvx

490/avx

533/f

534/f

760/astxy

762/astxy

800/abcdegkmnopqrstv

810/abcdegkmnoprstv

811/acdegknpstv

830/adfgkmnoprstv

 
 

896/abcdegkmnopqrstv

897/abcdegkmnoprstv

898/acdegknpstv

899/adfgkmnoprstv

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Standard Number 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

1007/word, phrase

010/abz 

015/az

016/az

020/az

022/almyz

024/az

027/az

028/a

030/az

037/a

088/a

440/x

490/x

534/oxz

700/x

710/x

711/x

730/x

760/xyz

762/xyz

770/ruxyz

773/uxyz

776/xyz

780/xyz

785/xyz

 

790/x

791/x

792/x

793/x

796/x

797/x

798/x

799/x

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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Subject All
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5090/ phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

653/a

655/abvxyz

Back to index table

Subject Headings 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

21/word, phrase

600/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

610/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

611/acdegknpqtvxyz

630/adkmnoprstvxyz

648/avxyz

650/abvxyz

651/avxyz

653/a

655/abvxyz

 
 

690/abvxyz

691/avxyz

696/abcdegjkmnopqrstvxyz

697/abcdegkmnoprstvxyz

698/acdegknpqtvxyz

699/adkmnoprstvxyz

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

System Control Number (OCLC Institution Records only)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5028/phrase

035/a

Enter all existing punctuation; you may omit parentheses if you choose.

Example: (CStRLIN)G32495957-S is searched as

  • (CStRLIN)G32495957-S, or
  • CStRLING32495957-S

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Title Key (Unique Serial Title)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

33/word, phrase

222/ab 

Back to index table

Title Keyword 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

4/word

5245/word

100/t

110/t

111/t

130/adfgkmnoprst

210/a

214/a

222/ab

240/adfgkmnoprs

242/abnp

243/adfgkmnoprs

245/abfgknp

246/abnp

247/abnp

440/anp

490/a

505/t

700/gkmnoprst

710/dgkmnoprst

711/gknpst

730/adfgkmnoprst

740/anp

770/ast

773/pst

780/st

785/st

787/st

800/gkmnoprst

810/dgkmnoprst

811/gknpst

830/adfgkmnoprstv

 

790/gkmnoprst

791/dgkmnoprst

792/gknpst

793/adfgkmnoprst

796/gkmnoprst

797/dgkmnoprst

798/gknpst

799/adfgkmnoprst

896/gkmnoprst

897/dgkmnoprst

898/gknpst

899/adfgkmnoprstv

1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Title Phrase 1, 2
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

4/phrase

5245/phrase

130/adfgkmnoprst

222/ab

240/adfgkmnoprs

245/abfgknp 1

246/abnp

505/t

730/adfgkmnoprst

740/anp

1 245 subfields ab can be combined in phrase search

 

793/adfgkmnoprst

799/adfgkmnoprst

2 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

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UDC
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

14/word

080/a

695/a if the 2nd indicator is 3

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Uniform Title 1
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
6/word, phrase

130/adfgkmnoprst

240/adfgkmnoprs

243/adfgkmnoprs

700/kmnopqrst

710/dgkmnporst

711/dgknpst

730/adfgkmnoprst

 
  790/gkmnoprst

791/dgkmnoprst

792/dgknpst

793/adfgkmnoprst

796/gkmnoprst

797/dgkmnoprst

798/dgknpst

799/adfgkmnoprst
1 These indexes searched in OCLC Institution Records only

Back to index table

Update Date
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
1012/word 005/00-07

Date record was last replaced.

Enter date in the format yyyymmdd (y=year, m=month, d=day).

Note: The Update Date does not display in the record. The 005 field displays the current date and time.

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Vendor Information
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5938/word

938/ab

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Year of Publication (Date1)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed
31/year, date 008 <Date1> 1

046/c
1 All Date1, even for date type “r”, restrictor only 

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Year of Publication (Date2)
Use/Structure Attrib. MARC Fields and Subfields Indexed

5031/year, date

008 <Date2>

046e

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Holdings

Z39.50 users can see other institutions' specific holdings in full records only via multiple 948 fields. To view holdings, users must configure their service for either Element Set Name FD (view default holdings) or Element Set Name FA (view all holdings). The resulting records will have the same display as Element Set Name F but with holdings.

Note: Holdings display is not available for Element Set Names F1, F2, F3 (non-Latin data).

See Z39.50 Configuration Guide for OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging for additional information.

Default holdings.

When you choose default holdings, the default is determined as follows:

If... Then...
More than 20 libraries hold the item and 10 or more of them are in your location (U.S. state, Canadian province, other country, or other continent). The system displays holdings information for libraries in your location.
More than 20 libraries hold the item and fewer than 10 of them are in your location, but 10 or more of them are in your region. The system displays holdings information for libraries in your region. For more information about regions, see Regional Groupings in Library Holdings Display.
20 or fewer libraries hold the item or more than 20 libraries hold the item, but fewer than 10 of them are in your location or region. The system displays all holdings information.

948 Fields.

The 948 fields are configured as follows:

Subfield... Contains
a ISO country code
b U.S. state or Canadian province information; for all other countries this field is not included
c OCLC institution symbol
d Library name

The 948 fields are listed alphabetically by library name.

Examples:

948 ‡a US ‡b OH ‡c APL ‡d Akron-Summit Cnty Pub Libr

948 ‡a US ‡b OH ‡c SID ‡d Amos Mem Pub Libr

948 ‡a US ‡b OH ‡c OH9WF ‡d Avon Lake Pub Libr

Note: Widely-held items with large numbers of 948 fields may produce records too large for some Z39.50 clients to display.

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Non-Latin Scripts

Z39.50 Cataloging supports non-Latin scripts using either the MARC-8 or the UTF-8 Unicode character sets (see MARC-8 Note).

Four options are available. Note that fields may have a different overall appearance and 880 fields may not display in your particular Z39.50 client. See Z39.50 Configuration Guide for OCLC Z39.50 Cataloging for details on selecting an option.

Note: All records shown are MARC-8.

  • Include all data, with non-Latin scripts in the 880 field(s).



    Include all data, with non-Latin scripts in the 800 field(s).

  • Include Latin script only [ no 880 field(s)].



    Include Latin script only [no 880 field(s).]

  • Include all data, with Latin script in the 880 field(s).



    Include all data, with Latin script in the 880 field(s).

  • Include non-Latin scripts only [ no 880 fields(s)].



    Include non-Latin scripts only [no 880 fields(s)].

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MARC-8 Note

Note: When the MARC-8 default is retained, UTF-8 Unicode characters that cannot be converted to MARC-8 are displayed as hexadecimal numeric character references ( view example).

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